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A swallowing disorder, known as dysphagia, may occur as a result of various medical conditions. Dysphagia is defined as problems involving the oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, or gastroesophageal junction. Swallowing assessment allows the SLP to integrate information from (a) the interview/case history, (b) medical/clinical records including the potential impact of medications, (c) the physical examination, (d) previous screening and assessments, and (e) collaboration with physicians and other caregivers.
Functional assessment of muscles and structures used in swallowing, including symmetry, sensation, strength, tone, range and rate of motion, and coordination of movement Treatment of dysphagia may include restoration of normal swallow function (rehabilitative), modifications to diet consistency and patient behavior (compensatory), or some combination of these two approaches.
Maneuvers are specific strategies that clinicians use to change the timing or strength of particular movements of swallowing. Mendelsohn maneuver, Supraglottic swallow, Super-supraglottic swallow, Oral-Motor Therapy/Exercises.